The Coming of Jesus

THE COMING OF JESUS IN THE GOSPEL OF JOHN

INTRODUCTION

JOHN does not have an infancy narrative. Matthew and Luke have their own agendas in giving us infancy narratives.

John’s agenda is in the opening to his Prologue. IN THE BEGINNING WAS THE WORD, AND THE WORD WAS WITH GOD AND THE WORD WAS GOD.

WHERE DOES JESUS START ?

Luke began his gospel with a genealogy which started with Adam – Jesus was for everyone

Matthew began his gospel with genealogy of Jesus started with Abraham because he was talking to Jews.

Paul wrote that Jesus was the image of the unseen God

John saw Jesus as pre existing with God.

THESE ARE FOUR DIFFERENT WAYS OF EXPRESSING THE MYSTERY OF JESUS.

How you see the origin and purpose of Jesus conditions how you write about him

Luke was writing for Greeks – he showed how the outline of the Jewish story ended with John the Baptist – then he paralleled John’s conception with Jesus’ conception, brought them together at the VISITATION, paralleled their births, and then concentrated on Jesus’ story until he had him sitting in the temple in Jerusalem teaching the teachers.

Matthew was speaking to Jews – he tells the story through the eyes of the dreamer Joseph, and he parallels the events of Jesus’ early days with the events of the people. Moses escaped from death at the hands of Pharaoh and led his people to the desert and then to the promised land. – Jesus was saved from Herod’s massacre in order to save his people by establishing his kingdom,the new promised land.

So how does John view the coming of Jesus ?.

THERE ARE THREE WAYS

1.     Jesus is the Word of God – indeed is God.

2.     Jesus is the Word of God who became FLESH and lived among us

3.     Jesus transforms us by uniting us to himself – so his coming is a transformation into something the same but different.

THEREFORE THE WHOLE GOSPEL IS ABOUT THE COMING OF JESUS.

1.     JESUS IS THE WORD OF GOD

LOGOS is a greek term which means the spoken Word .A word expresses the inner being – the inner thoughts and feelings.

When God speaks a word, it is also creative – what he says happens.

Thus God spoke and the Word came to be. The Word was God

Behind the Word is Love – the love that God is that transforms things. The Word is the expression of God’s being and exists because God is love.

Jesus is the Word – says John

That’s where he came from

That’s who he is.

JESUS IS THE SOURCE – ORIGIN OF ALL THAT IS –

All that is came to be through him, and nothing that is came to being another way.

So the Universe – science, evolution, beauty – truth, power all is his. He is the origin of it all.

But this WORD is also LOVE.

Love is the prime principle of the world.

First the love of God which created everything and the love which Jesus showed, and the love which we have for each other.

Jesus expresses this reality when he says 2 things

I AM.

DO NOT BE AFRAID.

Jesus has come from his world into our world. – into the Kosmos.

HOW DOES JOHN SHOW THAT JESUS IS GOD

The key is in the book of EXODUS – I AM WHO AM

Moses said to God I am to go then to the sons of Israel and say to them. The God of your fathers has sent me to you”. But if they ask me what his name is, what am I to tell them? And God said to Moses. I Am who I am. This what you must say to the sons of Israel. I am has sent me to you.

I AM – THE LIGHT OF THE WORLD

I AM THE GOOD SHEPHERD

I AM THE LIVING BREAD

I AM THE GATE OF THE SHEEPFOLD

I AM THE RESURRECTION AND THE LIFE

John reveals that Jesus is God in the way he tells the stories of Jesus.

1.     JESUS DOES NOT PETITION GOD

2.     JESUS IS ALWAYS IN COMMAND

3.     JESUS KNOWS PEOPLES THOUGHTS

4.     JESUS IS NEVER ABASED – NEVER SHOWN TO BE BEATEN/DESTROY

5.     JESUS KNOWS THE BETRAYER

1.     WORD MADE FLESH ANO AND KATO – (these mean up and down.)

DOWN – KATO – KOSMOS

The world of flesh – of human beings – of human beings – of the struggle to live – of sexuality, eating and drinking – physical things – whatever can be seen on TV camera or light of the sun.

The world of our lower nature – unredeemed sin – ego – selfishness.

The world in which we struggle to be good – to move upwards – to choose the right – to travel making the right decisions – to delay gratification.

This world is dominated by people manipulating each other, controlling each other, gaining advantage over each other. Cf. Iraq – Soviet Russia.

UP. ANO . ON HIGH – IN THE HEAVENS – – THE SPIRITUAL.

The world of spirit – unseen –

Lit by a different light –     SPIRIT.

New light is LOVE – IT IS THE WORLD OF GOD.

World of Grace –

NICODEMUS STORY –

Nicodemus comes to Jesus by night – darkness is the Kato world – without light.

Jesus says. Unless a man is born from above he cannot enter the kingdom of God — unless a man is born through water and the Spirit he cannot enter the kingdom of God. What is born of the flesh is flesh; what is born of the spirit is spirit.

No one has gone up to heaven except the one who came down from heaven, the Son of Man who is in heaven; and the Son of Man must be lifted up as Moses lifted up the serpent in the desert so that everyone who believes may have eternal life in him.

Jesus is the one who comes from above Ano down into the Kosmos (Kato) where those who receive him come into the light and become children of God.

2.     JESUS TRANSFORMS US BY UNITING US TO HIMSELF

CANA STORY

First of the miracles – word is beginning – same word as used in the beginning was the Word – because it means first, before everything – also the ruling principle which underlines everything. – thus Cana is the transformation which underlines everything that follows.

HAPPENED ON THE THIRD DAY – RESURRECTION DAY. The day when love triumphed over death.

MARRIAGE – this is the love theme which is union – and also the divine principle. The ano principle which transforms sex – represents the reconciliation of ano and Kato.

MOTHER OF JESUS – jewishness comes from natural birth – she is the old order –

DISCIPLES – these are the new community – formed by invitation –

OLD WINE – had run out – now inadequate – the old order no longer brings joy inspiration.

WHAT HAVE I AND YOU IN COMMON – one translation of the phrase – Mother is old order – Jesus is the new. Mother is the human mother from whom he must break to be in the new order. New relationship with her – new order. Mother lets go of Jesus of the old order – is the first person who accepts the new. Do whatever he tells you

WATER – important word for John – well – pool – lakes – water from the side of Christ.

Water the kato world – transformed into wine – ano world – note that the water posts are not broken – t hey are filled up – the old becomes the new –

FINAL SIGN – WATER AND THE BLOOD. – BIRTH OF THE CHURCH

On the Cross, Jesus’ side is opened by the soldier, and out flows BLOOD AND WATER. – these are the signs for the Church. Water is baptism Blood is the Eucharist.

So the New community is formed – born from above by the Holy Spirit – The first moment was the Resurrection day when Jesus came a said ” receive the Holy Spirit.”.

This tsransfosrms the Old – just as the bread is transfosrmed into his body and wine into his blood, so that united with him we might be like him.

Spirit builds on matter and transforms it, so that the real body which is the body of Christ ie his people, his Church, is transformed so that they might transform the world.

CONCLUSION

JOHN’S COMING OF JESUS IS COSMIC about the heavens and the earth and all they contain – because God has become man so that men can become Gods.

JOHN’S GOSPEL IS FULL OF SIGNS THAT THE END TIMES HAVE COME

Do not be afraid

I am the way the Truth and the Life.